Please note that the keynote speakers will give their conferences in French.
1. Keynote speaker : Borello Martino (Paris 8 - LAGA)
Tittre : Error in the transmission of digital information, how to correct it?
The transmission of digital information is omnipresent nowadays: texts, sounds, images, videos transiting via Internet or satellite, reading a DVD, a Blu-ray, a barcode ...
In reality, during the transmission errors may occur, due to the noise of the channel. The purpose of coding theory is to create codes capable of detecting and possibly correcting errors.
My presentation will be an introduction (accessible to a non-specialist audience) to this theory, its methods, its problems and its developments.
2. Keynote speaker : Vanda Luengo (MOCAH-LIP6, UPMC)
Tittre : Taking into account errors for the production of epistemic feedbacks in computing environments for human learning.
In the design of computer systems in general,one of the basic objectives is that they be constructed so as to avoid errors. From an ergonomic point of view, if an error is made in these systems, it is a symptom of a system’s fault. The user must be protected from the error by the system.
Environments for human learning are the only field in computer science where the possibility of "making a mistake" becomes a necessary characteristic of the system. It is thus necessary to differentiate a significant error with respect to the learning of an error related to a problem of usability of the software.
Error feedback is one of the central objectives of our research project. The significance of the error, or its epistemic position, is decisive for the calculation of the feedback. The design and calculation of the feedback will not be the same if the intention is, for example, to inform about the error, correct the error or give the learner the means to redefine the domain of validity of knowledge.
We therefore question the way in which we must consider errors. Is it profitable to discover the mechanisms that led the learners to a certain error? Must we consider only the final product that is the error or the process that led to it? Is it necessary to categorize the error to determine its nature and provide relevant feedback?
3. Workshop organized by the foundation ABG, presented by Sophie Pellegrin
Tittre : Valorizing the professional experience in research
Most doctors have now fully understood the importance of valuing their skills. But recruiters are looking for other strengths in the candidates that they receive. This workshop offers proven methods built with recruitment professionals to enhance the value of experience in research.
4. Guest researcher : Wim De Neys (LaPsyDE - CNRS & Université Paris Descartes)
Titre : L'erreur et le raisonnement : l'intelligence du système 1
Les recherches scientifiques confirment ce que les expériences quotidiennes nous révèlent à propos de nos intuitions : elles peuvent souvent nous fourvoyer. Les systèmes duels classiques du raisonnement ont mis en évidence de nombreuses preuves pour rendre compte de ces biais.
Dans ma présentation, je vais exposer des preuves supportant deux postulats controversés : 1) les personnes biaisés par leur raisonnement intuitif sont sensibles à leurs propres biais, et 2) les bonnes réponses délibérées sont généralement générées de façon intuitive. Je discuterai la manière dont ces constats nous obligent à reconceptualiser fondamentalement notre vision du raisonnement intuitif et délibéré.